Business Ethics in Islam

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Introduction

One can earn money in two ways; one is agriculture and the other companies. If the company is not made in accordance with ethics will always be inflation and shortages of goods. As it can be seen in the case of many commodities like wheat, sugar etc. It is because of the stocking, speculation and selfishness of some businessmen. The government has also become a trader itself, but has stopped Sharia Islamic government out of business.

As it can be seen that the business is an important part of life, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “People get 9/10 bread for their business.” Islam explains the concept of just trade by saying ethics. If business or other thing is done against morality and religion, this will lead to bad on the day of resurrection. Also by law, the guilty of illegal business would not end anywhere. Islam emphasizes the importance of business ethics lot. Allah says in the Qur’an, “they say to buy is also interested but Allah has described the purchase as permissible and interest as forbidden.” And “When you buy or sell then do some witnesses of it.” The Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “If the store was not there it would become a burden to others.” He also said that “A trader is the patron of average daily bread and fed the dignity of oneself and others.” The Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) urged trust worthy merchants in these words, “A reliable and honest merchant should be with the prophets and truthful and the martyrs and the righteous.” “God shows mercy to a person who is well when he sells, when he buys and when he makes a claim” The Prophet emphasized truthfulness and justice businessman lot. He said, “Truly, traders rise sinners on the day of resurrection, but he who fears God and is good, and speaks the truth.”

Business and ethics

As Muslims, we must follow the Code of Conduct, not only in business but also in all aspects of life. Both business and ethics are interrelated. There is reference to this in the Qur’an, “for you in the Messenger of Allah is a fine example to follow.” Allah Almighty says: “For Mady people (we sent) Shu’aib, one of their brothers, he said:” My people Worship Allah, you have no other God but God and do not give short measure or weight! … I see you in prosperity, but I fear for you the punishment today as a compass (you) all the rounds and my people give just measure and weight, nor keep from people, which must:.! do not commit evil in the land with intent to do mischief. It is made up Allah is best for you, if you (but) believed! But I am not set over you to keep watch! “

Prophet Muhammad was chosen by God to be the last prophet and his messenger at the age of 40. Before that he was very much involved in the business. He and his wife Khadija were both traders. It is reported that he traveled to Syria, Yemen, Bahrain, and many other places in Arabia for business. Some historians have also pointed out that he traveled probably to Iraq and Ethiopia. From a young age he was involved in business. He had a good reputation as a hardworking, honest, truthful, and a very successful businessman.

Fair business relations

Holy Quran and Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) have made it clear that a Muslim must be honest and upright in his business and policy deal. Also true Muslim should keep their word and fulfill their promises, avoid fraud and avoid fraud and perfidy, not encroach on the rights of others, nor engage in unlawful proceedings. Also good Muslim not bear false witness, and abstains from illegally received funds from usury and graft. According to Islam who is not free from these vices, is not a true believer but Renegade worthless transgressor.

And the Quran is rich with verses that confirm this. Allah says in the Quran, “Eat not up assets unjustly and dishonestly each other.”

Allah forbids all unclean and corrupt means of making money, such as unfair trade, gambling and bribery. And the Holy Quran has explained and described the practice in many verses of his. He says, “Woe to those that deal in fraud, – those who, when they have to receive Measure from men, exact full measure, but when they have to give by measure or weight to men, give less than due, they do. do not think they will be asked Mighty day when (all) mankind stand before the Lord of lords. “

Another example can be found in the coming verse, where Allah urges Muslims to be very specific about trust their rights and the rights of others. “Allah invites you to make back your confidence, that they are due.”

Major principles of fair activity

According to Islam, the following points must be avoided to start fair trade.

1. No fraud or deceit, the Prophet (PBUH) is reported to have said, “When the sale is held, say, there’s no cheat”

2. Sellers must avoid making too many oaths when selling products. The Prophet (PBUH) is reported to have said, “Be careful of excessive oaths in a sale. Though it finds markets, it reduces a lot.”

3. Agreement is needed. The Prophet (PBUH) is reported to have said, “The sale is completed when the two involved depart with mutual agreement.”

4. Be strict in terms of weight and dimensions. The Prophet (PBUH) said: “When people cheat in weight and measures, provision of cut off from them.” He said the owners of measures and weights, “You have been entrusted with the affairs over which some nations before you did.”

5. The Prophet (PBUH) forbade monopoly. “He monopolizes is a sinner.”

6. Free enterprise, the price of commodities should not be fixed unless there is a situation of crisis or extreme necessity.

7. Hoarding merchandise to increase prices is prohibited.

8. Trading in the forbidden (Haram) items, such as intoxicants is prohibited.

Fraud and dishonesty in business

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has stressed the importance of honesty in most of his sermons and said, “Remember, there is no faith in him is not reliable ,. there is no place for him in the belief that cares not pledged his word or promise He (PBUH) also said, “The signs of a hypocrite are three, when he speaks, he is false, as he promises, not him; and when he is trusted, he plays false. “

condemn those who cheat in business Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) has said:” Whoever cheats is not of us. Speaking and fraud are things that lead one to hell. “

When Muhammad (PBUH) was the heap of grain on the market Madinah and put her hand. His fingers felt damp. On being asked, the trader said that rain had fallen on it. The Prophet (PBUH) observed:” Why did not you then keep (wet section) it on dry grain, so that people can see it? He who deceives is not one of us. “

Thus, traders who deceive by showing customers a false sample or by concealing the defects in the products they are selling are not true Muslims in the court of Allah the Prophet (PBUH) and they are going to end in hell.

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “The seller must provide the buyer defects, if any, in the quality of the article offered for sale. Should this not be, the seller will be permanently caught in the wrath of Allah. “

In short, all kinds of fraud and dishonesty in business is prohibited in Islam. The Holy Prophet has expressed strong dislike him for those who do.

Bribery in business

Fines and usury, however, could be pursued by mutual consent and agreement, are absolutely prohibited and forbidden. Those who are guilty of them have been condemned Allah and Prophet (PBUH). Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “The curse of Allah upon him, that offers loans at usurious terms, and him who receives, and those who are witness to it, and the writer who wrote the piece in place. “

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said,” If you made a suggestion for all the just way and happy party gave him something as a gift (in return for it) and he took it, he committed a serious mistake ( which means that it, too, is a form of bribery). “

usurpation of another’s property by force or fraud or dishonest litigation is even worse. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) made it clear, as he says,” Who occupies the land of another unjustly will be sunk into the ground with plot the Doomsday until he reaches the lowest layer of the earth. “And” He who buys property Muslim unjustly by taking a false oath (formerly officer) is debarred Allah from entering Paradise and hell fire is made inevitable for him. “Prophet Muhammad ( PBUH) again, is said to have warned a man who was very fond of entering into litigation with one of these strong words, “Remember, the person who will get another person’s property by swearing a false oath appears that leprosy before Allah (on the Day of Judgment). “

And again he (PBUH) said:” He who laid claim to anything that was not is not of us. “

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