Psychology Ethics


about the role of ethics in personal development and the need to develop a comprehensive psychological ethics

Ethics is a very appropriate area in the study of psychology as ethical values ​​of what is wrong and what is right directly related to the moral status of the individual in community. Our morality may well connect with morality if our morality is individual and moral standards could be between cultures, societies and religions. Ethics, however, are more generally as they rely on basic human nature and human values ​​and ethical values ​​are more human and therefore more about the psychological dynamics of the moral values. However, ethics is considered a branch of ethics

In a study of the psychology of honor it is important to distinguish between ethics and morality and psychology of Ethics was about the value of being human but Moral psychology specifically addresses questions morality. Moral psychology or psychology of morality is thus seen as part of a broader psychological ethics. Ethics deals with morality and questions of right and wrong, moral and immoral, virtue and vice, good and evil, and the responsibility of being human.

Ethical philosophy also shows how moral judgments and ethical statements or attitudes formed. Ethics was studied in philosophy from the days of Socrates and Aristotle and was self-implementation of the needs of the human condition. Doing the right thing at the right time and the right way for the right reasons is considered virtuous and ethical. Yet the psychology of ethics would take more than just understand the moral values ​​and strengthening human condition. Psychology ethics is the key to our faith and beliefs and the formation of these beliefs also how value system shaped in childhood through moral development. Psychoanalysis and social and developmental psychology could use a range of theories to explain the moral development in children and adults.

Freud has used the concepts of Id, Ego and Superego suggest that Superego serves as a moral filter and helps individuals to decide what is right and what is wrong. The id, ego and Superego is described as three parts Psychic devices with ID’s basic instincts and desires, ego is a practical component that balances the desires and Superego is what monitors and controls, and the part that has strict moral dimension. The Superego is part of the psyche that addresses moral and calls us to a moral argument. This means that we seek moral explanation of behavior or tend to consciously or unconsciously behave in a certain way because the underlying moral needs.

Apart from psychoanalysis that would explain ethics mainly as an instrument controlled and directed Superego that all dark unethical desires are somehow filtered, moral development is also explained by social and moral psychology.

In social psychology in group would mean following the principles of compliance and consistency determines the extent to which social behavior would be in accordance with what society accepts or believes that standard. Standard behavior would actually be closely related to ethical behavior, so in the context of social psychology, ethics is consistent and do what is right according to social standards or values. If we consider developmental, individual needs are met through social comply with the following ethical standards and engage in ethical behavior was consistently rewarding individuals and would encourage or reinforce ethical standards. Ethics meets social and recognition of our needs and our moral needs to control our desires. So psychoanalysis would consider ethics as the moral side of our psychic structure and according to social psychology theories of ethics is necessary to group behavior and compliance of ethics under the social teachings of the important social orientation of our relations. Some of the questions that were central to the psychology of ethics at levels related to the development of ethics. This would be similar to moral development, however, ethical values ​​and attitudes were a distinct and unlike public morality shaped even in old age.

The slightest distinction between ethics and morality Apart from the fact that ethics is part of a broader moral psychology is ethical may vary or related attitudes can change over time. For example, euthanasia is a moral decision and doctors or nurses who have these conditions in their work depends on their ethical stance and this could have an impact on what they have learned in their work, their years of experience and personal upbringing or value systems.

In some cases, conditions may determine ethical decisions also social systems and individuals and their thoughts are influenced by others in moral development providing social teaching of ethics. However specific theories as cognitive dissonance theory could explain ethics that change the behavior or attitudes through the discomfort to a particular view of things. If certain features are fundamentally incongruent with attitudes held persons must either change their actions or beliefs and that personal ethics would also change. Evolutionary psychology also explains the moral and ethical development of our and when we are constantly reward the community for a certain behavior, we would naturally consider this as a positive and this would then be socially acceptable and ethical. Behavior rewarded over time are finally considered ethical and ideal.

Psychology ethics must include the theory of psychoanalysis, developmental psychology, social and developmental psychology to provide a comprehensive understanding of moral development and changes in the development of ethics. Ethics would be affected by the unchangeable element core values ​​that we have and dynamic element of experience that ethics is the rule of law and even changed by the experience.

Stages of moral development will have a general structure of social and moral development of individuals going through guilt in childhood (of damage, etc.) with a group of consistent and learn what is right and what is wrong. This is further elaborated in adolescence is marked with the identity crisis (as suggested by psychologists including Erikson) and ethics formed in adolescence as part of this group identity. When 20-year-old man says to himself: “I believe cheating is wrong”, he is suggesting that his sense of ethics is connected to his sense of identity. Finally, in the middle and late adulthood practical changes can lead to changes in ethics and the final stage of consideration and evaluation as there is food and the need to protect their own moral beliefs and attitudes of people. Stages of moral development could therefore guilty group conformity identity crisis- identity consolidated experience change-food defense.

Psychoanalysis and the role of the superego may indicate why ethics formed in humans and general interaction of psychic structure and the formation of ethics. Evolutionary psychology shows the interaction of biological structure or the human body systems and moral formation and suggest how ethics formed over years of development and social psychology shows general interaction of social structures and the formation of ethics or value system and is focused on the basis of ethics in society to tell us what ethics formed in accordance with the requirements of society. History Michel Foucault’s sexuality with a focus on social systems could also provide insight into the study of the formation of attitudes, values ​​and ethics.

Along with the social, developmental, psychoanalytic and development size of ethics, it is important to define the types of ethical decisions such as ethics from a legal perspective, ethics, ethical, ethics of educational context, ethics from the medical point of view and so on . Business ethics, legal ethics, medical ethics and all branches of ethics must consider the psychological stages of moral development with social, psychoanalytic, evolutionary theory

from Reflections in psychology -. II – Saberi Roy (2010)


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